Bernard Lewis, FBA (born 31 May 1916) is a British-American historian specializing in oriental studies. He's also known as a public intellectual and political commentator. Lewis is the Cleveland E. Dodge Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. Lewis' experience is in the history of Islam and also the interaction between Islam and the West. He's also noted in academic circles because of his works in the history of the Ottoman Empire.
Lewis served as a soldier in the British Army in the Royal Armoured Corps and Intelligence Corps during the Second World War before being seconded to the Foreign Office. Following the war, he returned to the School of African and Oriental Studies at the University of London and was appointed to the seat in Middle Eastern History.
Lewis is a popular read specialist in the Middle East and can be regarded among the West's leading scholars of that region. His information was frequently searched by policymakers, including the Bush administration. In the event of Historians and Historical Writing, Martin Kramer, whose PhD thesis was directed by Lewis, believed that during a 60-year livelihood Lewis has emerged as "the most influential postwar historian of Islam and the Middle East."
Lewis' views on the Armenian Genocide have attracted attention. He admits that massacres against the Armenians happened but does not think it satisfies the definition of genocide. He's also notable because of his public discussions with the late Edward Said regarding the latter's book Orientalism (1978), which criticized Lewis along with also other European Orientalists.
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